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INCORPORATING VISUALS - LESSON 10

 In our last lesson, we got introduced visual aids, why we should use them and different types. 

Let's proceed


General Design Principles for Visual-aid presentations

Visual aids can distract your audience if you do not design them properly. Keep these in mind when creating your visual aid. 

1.     Use simple or no background in presentation materials

2.     Use colors that provide adequate contrast and are readable

3.     Use readable font size that allows easy reading of text from the last row of the room

4.     Use different font sizes for titles and section headings

5.     Limit each point to no more than two, or at most three, lines of text

6.     Ensure animations or transitions don't distract

7.      Ensure chart scales don't mislead (Use appropriate bars)

8.     Show video clips at easily viewable size

9.     Do not use offensive or stereotypical visuals

10. Play audio at easily heard levels; test them in advance

11. Proofread and spell-check

 

Design Principles for Graphs, Charts and Diagrams


Tabular Charts

Tabular charts are used to show raw data and numerical relationships. Use only a few key examples on the visual to illustrate your point.

Bar Graphs

Bar graphs are used to show absolute data or relationships and comparisons. Be sure to include scales and values. Be sure the type is legible.

Pie Charts

Pie charts are good for illustrating percentage relationships or parts of a whole. No more than eight segments are recommended.

Line Graphs

Line graphs are ideal for illustrating trends or performance over time. Your scale should include significant dates and milestones. Graphs should include no more than three lines. In black and white visuals, the lines should be distinctly different, e.g., dashed, solid, dots, etc. In color visuals, the lines should be easily differentiated colors which contrast well with the background.

Block or Process Diagrams

Block or process diagrams are good for illustrating structural relationships and designs. Graphics of this type show how each piece contributes to the whole. Avoid overcrowding. Limit your chart to no more than 10 simple geometric shapes and titles connected by lines and arrows.

Photographs

Good quality photographic visuals can make a major contribution to your presentation. Be extra careful with photographs: they must be very crisp and clear, with high contrast between light and dark areas. Do not superimpose text over the image. If text is needed on the visual, it should be placed in areas that have been cleared of the image. Be sure to test your photos, projecting them to the size they will be when used to ensure that they are clear and easily recognizable.

 


DOWNLOAD WORKSHEET

 

Resource 1: Presentation Design Principles 

Resource 2: How to design on Corel Draw 

Resource 3: How to design on Photoshop 

Resource 4: How to design on Canva

Resource 5: 10 Sites for free stock photos

Resource 6:  6 Free Stock videos sites 

Resource 7: How to create a chart from start to finish





Footnotes

 

1. Northern Illinois University “Effective presentation skills” tutorial https://www.niu.edu/presentations/design/index.shtml (accessed September 10 2010)


2.  Guidelines for preparing Visuals for PES presentations

https://www.ieee-pes.org/guidelines-for-preparing-visuals-for-pes-presentations (accessed September 10 2010)

 






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